• Municipal Effluent
    Municipal Effluent Treatment of complex, poorly-degradable industrial and/or commercial effluent with immobilised micro-organisms.
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  • Fish Farms
    Fish Farms Treatment of complex, poorly-degradable industrial and/or commercial effluent with immobilised micro-organisms.
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  • Municipal Effluent
    Municipal Effluent Treatment of complex, poorly-degradable industrial and/or commercial effluent with immobilised micro-organisms.
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  • Waste Gas
    Waste Gas Treatment of complex, poorly-degradable industrial and/or commercial effluent with immobilised micro-organisms.
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  • Municipal Effluent
    Municipal Effluent Treatment of complex, poorly-degradable industrial and/or commercial effluent with immobilised micro-organisms.
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  • Abluft
    Abluft Behandlung von Komplexen, schwer abbaubaren Industrie-/Gewerbeabwässern mit immobilisierten Microorganismen.
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  • Abwasser
    Abwasser Behandlung von Komplexen, schwer abbaubaren Industrie-/Gewerbeabwässern mit immobilisierten Microorganismen.
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  • Industrie Gewerbe
    Industrie Gewerbe Behandlung von Komplexen, schwer abbaubaren Industrie-/Gewerbeabwässern mit immobilisierten Microorganismen.
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Treatment of complex, poorly-degradable industrial and/or commercial effluent with immobilised microorganisms

The effluent load of individual industrial sites depends upon their particular type of production. Whereas the continual production of paper, paints, food stuffs and mass chemicals (alcohols, carbonic acids, sugar, proteins, etc....) usually generates effluent with readily degradable contaminants, multistage manufacturing plants operating intermittently produce complex effluents, particularly if their products must be

  • durable, i.e. light and washproof (dyes, optical brighteners, etc..) or biologically active (herbicides, pharmaceuticals etc..

which usually contain

  • Several classes of substances of varying chemical structure, properties and degradability (usually poorly degradable), and
  • high salinity, whereby their
  • composition and concentration is subject to substantial fluctuations

Apart from the chemicals industry, such complex effluent is also produced in other industrial sectors, for example in the:

  • Manufacture of chemicals, pulp and paper
  • Textile finishing and tanneries
  • Coal refining (coking plants),
  • Disposal plants (landfills, fermentation and composting plants, the concentrate from emulsion separation plants, sludge treatment, etc.)
  • Manufacture of petrochemical products